Niger: Adequate training and employment to avoid producing unemployed people in the future

#other countries : Several thousand young people drop out of schools and training institutes in Niger every year. Even if one part manages to fit into the economic fabric, another part still struggles to find a job often because certain courses are not updated.

“What students or recent graduates don’t understand is that training in a field, it’s no longer enough just to do it to work for someone. You have to be able to start a business. A lot of people have to take that into account because full employment is saturated,” he says. Diataga Abdelkarim, a master’s student.

Each year, after baccalaureate results, the choice of higher education courses often poses a headache and a major concern for students, and often for parents. In schools, universities and training institutes in Niger, the most popular courses relate to the fields of marketing, communication, law, social sciences or finance. In total, about a hundred sectors are listed in the country.

To facilitate access to information as well as guidance for alumni, forums are often organized that bring together training schools, companies, the Ministry of Education, students and parents of students.

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Maman Bashir, an orientation exhibition organizer, tells us about it: “The problem is that you have students who, having embraced a sector, wonder what they are going to do. In a way, they unleash nature to give them a destination. So we created an event that combined the basics of an education and training offering, as well as consumers , i.e. the students and parents of the students who pay for the studies and the companies that hire these students once the training has been completed.”

Shared by Aliu Muhammad Ali, new baccalaureate: “I came to follow this conference so that it would help me choose a course in a training school or even at the university.”

In Niger, the state defines and directs training policies, in addition to ensuring that the training and courses available correspond to demand and need in the labor market. “We are in the framework of the LMD system, where the training must be appropriate to the market demand. So this year’s sector can be taught, and if there is no longer a demand in the market, we can delete it or replace it with a sector that is in high demand,” explains Professor Hamido Moussa, Director of Education at Ministry. education.

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But what are some courses really worth? Are they meeting the needs of the business tangibly? For Salif Mayaki, managing director of an advertising agency, many communication professions are not taught in schools in Niger, which poses an obstacle in the search for certain profiles. 90% of the training requests we receive are in the field of business communications. For me, I think this sector is no longer in line with current realities. In a communications agency, we need art directors, script writers, media planners, etc., and it’s hard to find them locally.”

However, many training schools in Niger have already taken the lead by incorporating some of the future professions, particularly in digital technology or agriculture, into their various training courses. “Technology, agri-food, these are very promising sectors but so far young people have not understood this yet, perhaps because the country does not have enough industries. But we are trying to strengthen these sectors,” explains Enusa Mahman, a coach at a vocational school.

“You also have a large number of unemployed graduates. Most of the supply made by the public sector does not meet the demand of private companies. So it is important that the professions of the future associated with digitization and digitization are popularized,” adds Maman Bashir.

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