Baccalaureate: differences between majors and options

What is the difference between majors and options? What are the options and possible specializations in the general baccalaureate and the technological baccalaureate. We are evaluating.

Options and specializations: what are the differences?

As their name suggests, the Options are not mandatory. They are different in General Baccalaureate and in Technology Baccalaureate. Above all, it is a way to explore personal interests, whether or not they are linked to a career plan. It’s always a plus Parkorsup or at a time Interview for training.

On the contrary, specializations are mandatory:

  • in the general baccalaureate, A second year student must choose Three majors Which he will follow in the first degree (out of 13 majors on offer). It will keep only two in the Terminale class.
  • in the baccalaureate of technologyAnd the Specialties The ones followed in Première and Terminale are also mandatory, and the selected series is already geared towards a sector of activity (as a reminder, 8 Tech Baccalaureates are offered *). * To know: The STHR series is Grade II prepared.

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Options

Make a choice of the second: is it possible?

Yes, and even if they increase the schedule a few hours per week (between 1:30 and 6:00 am. according to options), can be an asset:

  • to think about Choose your specialties at the end of the second
  • To enrich your career and knowledge, or just to let you realize that you ultimately don’t like a field (removing also helps you make a choice later!)

What options are offered in general and technological seconds?

Depending on his ability to work, his centers of interest, or even his mentoring project, a new high school student can choose two elective courses from:

General Options directed :

  • Literature and Languages ​​(LatinAnd the Greek, third living language, sign language),
  • they Arts (visual arts, circus arts, audiovisual cinema, dance, art history, music, theater)
  • Sports (physical education and sports)
  • Ecology – Agricultural Engineering – Land – Sustainable Development (only agricultural high schools are excluded).

science and technology options :

  • engineering sciences
  • Science and Laboratories • Biotechnology
  • Health and Social Organization and Administration
  • Creativity and technological innovation
  • Artistic workshop (the purpose of which is to suggest a reflection on the artistic gesture and to meet professionals).

Only three options are offered in agricultural high schools:

  • Hippology and horse riding,
  • Social and cultural practices (or how to master all forms of communication)
  • Professional practices (which provide an understanding of the various professions involved in the management of green spaces and landscapes).

An option can be offered at a state-recognized technical education institution: The culture and practice of dance/music/or theatre.

What options are available in Première and Terminale générale et technologie?

During the last two years of high school, Choose options More limited. The marks obtained are counted in the continuous assessment (which represents 40% of the baccalaureate).

At Première and Terminale générale, students can choose One option of your choice in Première and at most two in Terminale. All Selection Adds 3 hours to the weekly schedule.

In Premiere the choice is wide:

  • Latin – Greek – third living language – EPS – arts (plastic arts, audiovisual cinema, dance, art history, music or theater). Namely: Circus arts are part of the specialized courses.
  • Sign language
  • Hippology and horse riding *
  • agricultural economics
  • province*
  • Social and cultural practices (or how to master all forms of communication) *

*Only available in agricultural high schools.

In Terminale, in addition to Options menu The above-mentioned, Three options It can allow students to expand the possibilities of higher education (one to choose from among the three):

  • Complementary math
  • Mathematics expert
  • DGEMC (Law and Key Issues of the Contemporary World) which allows students to broaden their knowledge of legal institutions (standards, institutions and professions).

At the Première and Technological Terminale, high school students can choose up to two options, which they will follow for 3 hours per week. They are 4 in number:

  • Arts (visual arts, audiovisual cinema, dance, art history, music, theater)
  • EPS- Third Living Language (LVC)
  • Sign language

In addition, they can follow an art workshop that lasts 72 hours a year in the Première and Terminale classes.

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Specialties

What are the majors in the general track?

given by a factor of 16, Specialties Allow students to deepen their knowledge and skills in certain areas that may interest the student even if they do not have an exact idea of ​​the job. They are 13 in number:

  • arts (optional) Art history, theater, plastic arts, circus arts, audiovisual cinema, dance, music
  • Physical Education, Sports Practice and Culture
  • HGGSP (Geography of History, Geopolitics and Political Science)
  • HLP (Humanities, Literature and Philosophy)
  • LLCER (Foreign and Regional Languages, Literatures, and Cultures)
  • LLCA (Ancient Literature, Languages, and Cultures)
  • Maths
  • NSI (Digital and Computational Science)
  • Computer (Physics – Chemistry)
  • SVT (Earth and Life Sciences)
  • IS (Engineering Science)
  • SES (Economic and Social Sciences)
  • Biology, ecology*

* Granted only in agricultural high schools.

Choosing the right general baccalaureate major with simulation of our specialty

What are the majors in the technology sector?

Tutorials Specialties Associated with each string and not “optional” as in general current. There are three of them in Première and two in Terminale. The student’s choice of the series already indicates his affinity for a sector (applied arts, dance, technology, management and organization, hotels and restaurants, social sphere, etc.).

  • STI2D series (Science and Technology for Industry and Sustainable Development)
First-class specialties Peripheral specialties
Engineering and Sustainable Development (I2D) Engineering, Innovation and Sustainable Development (2I2D) with a course to choose from: Architecture and Construction. Energy and the environment. technological innovation and environmental design; Information and digital systems
Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
technological innovation
  • STL . series (laboratory science and technology)
First-class specialties Peripheral specialties
Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
Biotechnology or physical and chemical sciences in the laboratory Biochemistry – biology – biotechnology or physical and chemical sciences in the laboratory
Health and social sciences and technology
  • ST2S سلسلة series (Health and Social Sciences and Technologies)
First-class specialties Peripheral specialties
Physics and chemistry for health Human chemistry, biology and pathology
Human biology and pathophysiology Health and social sciences and technology
Health and social sciences and technology
  • STMG series (Management sciences and techniques)
First-class specialties Peripheral specialties
Management Management, Management and Digital Science with a course to choose from: Management and Finance; marketing (marketing); human resources and communications; Management information systems
Law and Economics Law and Economics
Management and digital sciences
  • S2TMD . Series (Sciences and Techniques of Theatre, Music and Dance)
First-class specialties Peripheral specialties
Culture and dance / Musical / or theatrical sciences Culture and dance / Musical / or theatrical sciences
Culture and dance / Musical / or theatrical sciences Practicing musical/musical/or theatrical dances
Economics, Law, and the Performing Arts Environment
  • STD2A series (Design Science and Techniques and Applied Arts)
First-class specialties Peripheral specialties
Physics and chemistry Analysis and method in design
Tools and digital language Visualization and creativity in design and crafts
Design and crafts
  • STHR . series (Science and Technology of Hotels and Restaurants)
First-class specialties Peripheral specialties
Economy – Hotel Management Economy – Hotel Management
Scientific Education in Food and the Environment (ESAE) Culinary Science, Techniques and Services – Scientific Education in Food – Environment (ESAE)
Culinary science and technology and services
  • STAV . series (Agricultural and living sciences and technologies) *
First-class specialties Peripheral specialties
Resource and Energy Management Resource and Energy Management
Territories and Societies Territories and Technology**
technology**

* Granted only in agricultural high schools.

** I know that in these two Specialties The student must choose between 5 options : initialize; Produce ; agricultural equipment; services; Transformation.

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