In cyber matters, could legal and normative developments be sufficient to create European sovereignty? Elements of response with experts and policies under FIC 2022.
Is legal and normative production a sufficient condition for digital strategic autonomy? The European Union, we have activated this lever to a large extent … without achieving the goal, for the time being, judging by the results in light of the emergence of political and industrial giants.
We discussed this – among other topics – on 8 June at the FIC, during the opening plenary, in line with an intervention by Guillaume Poupard (DG ANSSI).
without cantilever registration, Olivier Onenedy Calls to see the cooperative framework created outside the scope of the law established by the European Union. The Deputy Director-General of the Directorate-General for Homes (Migration and Home Affairs) within the European Commission also mentions the dynamic of “empowering different actors”, in coordination with national authorities.
Co-Manager and master data scientist At the consulting firm Kynapse, Irene Palmis He takes the question from another angle: constraint can be an asset to innovation. This appeared in the automotive industry, when safety rules were imposed on users. or vehicle cleaners, she explains. In recent decades, it appears that there has been, above all, the interested party, a lack of investment in young players. And evoke the United States of America, where countries must direct part of their budget toward the new structures.
Erin Palmis asserts that the United States itself is studying the possibility of regulation. So she says it’s just a “minor issue”. The former astrophysicist adds that some are turning the frame to their advantage. Like the search engine DuckDuckGo, which ensures that it does not track its users.
It concludes that what appears to be new in the digital industry has already happened elsewhere: we will not accept the absence of health checks in restaurants or the piloting of new aircraft directly with the general public.
for Henry VerderThe debate is not whether regulation prevents innovation. But to find out ‘if we know how to make smart regulations’. The ones that would pave the way for the ‘power of creation’, without which ‘you would be subservient, even if you had a normative power’.
The Digital Ambassador at the Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs gives the example of India. The country implemented its own GDP while creating approval management systems to allow, in addition, to streamline the economy.
In a “realistic standards” economy, this “creative power” requires sovereignty. At least in the sense we understand it in Europe: the freedom to make the decisions that matter to us. It is manifested by corporations as much as it is by researchers, “and perhaps even [des] intellectuals and [des] artists,” summarizes Henri Verdier.
And to continue to note hope: “When we talk about the power of Silicon Valley, in fact, we are talking about a very small part of the Internet: the vertical integration of targeted advertising. In smart cities, connected health, autonomous transportation, space, etc. The battle is far from over. . »
Olivier Onenedy is bouncing back on the side of “smart legislation”. He called for it to be presented “in terms of results and certainly not in terms of means.” A path has been taken for example in combating child pornography, leaving platforms free of their technical choices.
Understanding the “mental model” of buyers…
The internal market is “broad and strong enough” for any global player to take into account the rules laid there, as Henri Verdier would like to believe. Remains exploited in the context of trade negotiations, as determined Daniela SchwarzerExecutive Director of the Open Society for Europe and Asia.
How do we perceive the legislative and regulatory abundance among the major European suppliers? “As an industrialist, we are up to standards,” he declares Cyril Dujardin. However, the Deputy General Manager Big Data and Digital Security at Atos makes a note: once we scale up to the European level, we are faced with a “multinational” market. There is no standardization in the entire chain at this time. “It is getting more and more difficult.”
” [Start-up et PME] He must understand how it works. And how our big American competitors operate,” says Cyril Dujardin. He calls on them, broadly, to standardize marketing, research and development, and partnerships to align themselves with the customers’ “mental model.”
He adds that the Internet campus is proof that we can join forces,” while calling for “stop spraying finance” and “picking our battles: we will not be able to exist across the value, from component to quantitative.”
…and hunt “in groups”
Henri Verdier also refers to small and medium businesses. More specifically, those on the Internet. With a flashback for the occasion. Direction 2006, when he founded the competitive Cap Digital group. “It really reminds me of [cette époque] : I have discovered a network of talents […] Who did not know how to hunt in groups. World leaders in many small countries Features…and the difficulty of integrating that into coherent performances.”
For Olivier Onenedy, we must “impose the dose” on certification at the European level. This means “more political volunteering”. In the line of sight, in particular, the Security by design. ” we [en] They are masters in sectors such as transportation: do the same [dans le numérique] ! His assumption: We can use the same tools, while working on a certificate that is “authentic and unanimously recognized”.
arrived at the end of the session, Xavier Bertrand He called for more European-level funding for cybersecurity. As part of the 2021-2027 budget (Program for Digital Europe), it benefits from an envelope of 1.6 billion euros. The amount considered by the president of the Hauts-de-France region is small given the weight of the market on the continent (130 billion euros).